Bauhaus furniture history - Bauhaus designers and their biography:



Charles Eames

Charles Eames

Charles Eames was born in St. Louis, Missouri, and studied at the Washington University architecture. In 1936 he received a grant from the Cranbrook Academy of Art, Michigan, where he later taught. His colleagues there included Harry Bertoia, Eero Saarinen and Ray Kaiser, whom he married in 1941.

During the 2nd World War II he manufactures and his wife for the US Navy arm and leg splints and stretchers of plywood. For this project they developed a new method to deform of laminated plywood in three dimensions. In 1940 Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen won competitions organized by the "Museum of Modern Art" competition "Organic Design in Home Furnishings".
In 1946 the "Museum of Modern Art," gave him the first solo show (New Furniture by Charles Eames).

Charles and Ray Eames worked closely with the manufacturer Herman Miller, with whom they developed a very progressive, rational furniture design. Later they turned to the film, photography and exhibition design. Her clients included the US government and the IBM Corporation.

Style, Lounge ChairStyle, Lounge Chair OttomanStyle, Chaise LongueStyle, DSW Plastic Chair 2587Style,  DSR Plastic Chair 2588Style, RAR Plastic Rocking ChairStyle,  DAW Plastic Chair 2590Style, DAR Plastic Chair EA 2591Style, Segmented Round TableStyle, Segmented TableStyle,  Alu Group Hocker EA 125Style, Alu Group Lounge Chair EA 124Style, Aluminium Group Stuhl EA 119Style, Aluminium Group Stuhl EA 118Style, Aluminium Group Stuhl  EA 219Style, Aluminium Group Stuhl  EA 217Style, Aluminium Group Stuhl EA 112Style, Aluminium Group Stuhl EA 108Style, Alu Group Stuhl EA 112 NetzStyle, Alu Group Stuhl EA 108 NetzStyle, Alu Group Stuhl EA 119 NetzStyle, Alu Group Stuhl EA 118 NetzStyle, Aluminium Group Stuhl  EA 212Style, Aluminium Group Stuhl  EA 208Style, Bürosessel Lobby Chair ES 108Style, Bürosessel, Lobby Chair ES 104

Charles R. Mackintosh

Charles R. Mackintosh

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was born in Glasgow. In 1884, he joined as an intern in the office of the Glasgow architect John Hutchinson and 1889 employees in the architectural firm of Honeyman & Keppie.
In 1896 he began to design furniture and, together with HJ for the Guthrie & Wells MacNair and Frances and Margaret Macdonald issue as "The Four" work.

In 1897 he won the competition to design a new art school in Glasgow. In the same year he was commissioned with the interior of Miss Cranstons Tea Rooms, Buchanan Street and the furniture design for their Tea Rooms in Glasgow Argyle Street. In 1900 he married Margaret Macdonald and took part in the exhibition of the Vienna Secession. In 1903 W. W. commissioned him the publisher Blackie building his Hill House in Helensburgh.

In 1904 he created for Miss Cranston the Tea Rooms in Willow Street. To his last major work, the library of the Glasgow School of Art (1909), little attention was paid. In 1916 he settled in London, before moving to France in 1923, where he devoted himself until his death in 1928, to painting.

Hill House one chair

Designer Möbel Classic

Designer Möbel Classic

Here are designers gathered who have only one article in the shop or whom are maybe not so well known. E.g. Isamu Noguchi with its Coffee Table, Wilhelm Wagenfelds Lamp WG24 and also Arne Jacobsen with his stacking chair model 3107 (called „the ant‟).



The Nelson Bench by designer George Nelson has natural colored solid wood slats made of ash.


Noguchi Coffee TableStapelstuhl 3107Lounge SesselWagenfeld  Lampe WG24Nelson Bench

Eileen Gray

Eileen Gray

Eileen Gray was born in Ireland. She came from a wealthy family of artists and began her studies in 1898 at the Slade School of Fine Arts.
In 1902, she went to France and studied painting at the Académie Colarossi and Académie Julian in Paris. Later, she was informed by the Japanese Sougawara in Japanese lacquer art.
During World War II she stayed almost continuously in London and returned in 1918 to Paris. Until 1919 she worked as a freelance furniture designer and as an interior designer.


In 1922, she opened the Jean Désert gallery as a showcase for her own work. In the same year she came in contact with the De Stijl movement. J.J.P. Oud and Walter Gropius published an enthusiastic review of her "Monte Carlo" rooms, one bedroom / boudoir, which she exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs of 1923. From 1926 she worked exclusively as an interior designer and presented some of their projects in Le Corbusier´s Pavillon des Temps Nouveaux at the Paris World´s Fair of 1937.


Tube Light LampeSofa Lota Bibendum SesselTisch Jean TDaybedAdjustable Table E 1027

Gerrit Rietveld

Gerrit Rietveld

Gerrit Rietveld was born in Utrecht, as the son of a cabinetmaker. At age eleven, he began working in his father´s workshop.
In 1911, he opened his own business and attended courses in draftsmanship from PJC Klaarhamer. From 1917 to 1918 he designed the Red Blue Chair, and was in 1919 one of the first members of the De Stijl movement.
This famous chair design was first published in the magazine "De Stijl" and included in the Bauhaus Exhibition of 1923. To Rietveld´s most important architectural orders, belonged the Schröder House (1924).

In 1927, he made experimental furniture designs made of particle board and plywood, were realized by Metz & Co, Amsterdam. During the Depression, he designed furniture crate elements to meet the demand for low-price products. In 1942, he designed a chair made of pressed aluminum sheet, and in 1957 he created a series of chairs made of bent metal tube. With his last draft, the Steltman chair from 1963, he returned to solid wood elements and geometric formalism.

Stuhl / Sessel Red & BlueStuhl Zig Zag

Harry Bertoia

Harry Bertoia

Harry Bertoia was born in Udine, Italy. In 1930 he moved with his family to the United States.

In 1936 he completed his studies at Cass Technical High School in Detroit with the final exam, from 1937 to 1939, he was awarded a grant from the Cranbrook Academy of Arts. He then taught there a club for the Cranbrook metalwork, which he headed from 1939 to 1943.

Later he worked with Charles and Ray Eames at the Evans Products Company, where he developed technologies for the deformation of glue laminated plywood. After the war he worked briefly at the Plyformed Products Company of Chales and Ray Eames in Venice, California. The innovative wire chairs he designed in 1951 for Knoll International were such a great financial success that he presented the royalties to life and he was able to devote himself exclusively to sculpture.

Stuhl  Wire Chair DiamondStuhl Wire Chair

Josef Hoffmann

Josef Hoffmann

Josef Hoffmann was born in 1870 in Pirnitz.
He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna under Karl von Hasenauer and Otto Wagner.

His simple cubic style he had probably received first suggestions in Southern Italy, he was honored for completing his architectural studies at the Prix de Rome and the Academy for a year lived in Italy. Here, the cubic houses had impressed him with their flat roofs and smooth facades.
Kubus  Sessel  KlassikerKubus Sofa  ZweisitzerKubus Sofa Dreisitzer

Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier

Charles Edouard Jeanneret-Gris (Le Corbusier), was born in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland, where he studied furniture design.
In 1908 he worked in Paris in Auguste Perret´s architectural office.
1910 and 1911 he lived in Germany and here he came in touch with the ideas of leading designers: He met Wolf Dohrn, the well know director of the Dresden workshop, Hermann Muthesius and Peter Behrens, in whose office he worked for a short time.

From 1912 - 1914 he taught architecture at the School of Fine Arts La-Chauxde-fonds. Back in Paris, he developed together with the painter Amédèe Ozenfant post-cubist art direction of purism. 1923, Le Corbusier´s book -Verse une nouvelle Architecture-, in which he set out his ideas of modern buildings, was published.

For the Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts D´coratifs 1925 Le Corbusier designed the pavilion L´Esprit Nouveao, and at the Paris Autumn Salon of 1929 he exhibited his furniture designs. Then the Thonet Company took over production of his designs. Le Corbusier was a member of the Congrés Internationaux d´Architecture Moderne and was regarded as one of the leading architects of his time.

Sessel LC2LC2 Sofa Zweisitzer LC2 Sofa DreisitzerLiege LC4Liege LC4 FellErsatzauflage LC4 FellErsatzauflage LC4 LederGrand Confort 3-SitzerLC3 Sessel   (Ladies Chair)LC3 Sofa Zweisitzer LC3 Sofa DreisitzerLC6 TischSparpaket #3Sessel LC1 Basculant

Marcel Breuer

Marcel Breuer

Marcel Breuer was born in Hungary and worked briefly in a Viennese archtektur office before he studied at the Bauhaus in Weimar from 1920
to 1924.
After his final examination, he became head of the furniture workshop. He held that position when the Bauhaus moved to Dessau in 1925.
In 1928 he went to Berlin and opened his own architectural studio.
In 1935 he left Germany and settled first in London, where he, together with the architect FRS Yorke founded an architectural firm and later as head of the design department worked at Isokon.

In 1937 he immigrated to the United States and became a professor at the School of Design at Harvard University, a position he held until 1946. Together with Walter Gropius in 1937 he opened an architectural firm in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where both were active until 1941.
In 1946 he founded his own company in New York, Marcel Breuer & Associates, which he headed until his retirement in 1976.

Stuhl Cesca FreischwingerLaccio TableStuhl Cesca ErsatzsitzflächeWassily Sessel

Mart Stam

Mart Stam

Mart Stam was born in Purmerend. After his artistic training at the School of Drawing Rijksnormaalschool voor Tekenonderwijs in Amsterdam
(1917 - 19) he worked until 1922 as a draftsman in an architectural office in Rotterdam and then went to Berlin. In 1923 he attended the Bauhaus exhibition. In 1925 he went via Paris back to Amsterdam and designed his first cantilevered chair a year later.
His chair designs were shown at the 1928 Stuttgart exhibition "The chair". In 1927, he was next to Gerrit Rietveld and Hendrik Petrus Berlage, founding member of the Congrés Internationaux d`Architekture modernity.

From 1931 to 1932 he worked in the Soviet Union as a city planner. From 1948 to 1952 he taught architecture and design in Dresden and Berlin. In 1966 he retired from professional life and settled in Switzerland.

Freischwinger Stuhl

Mies van der Rohe

Mies van der Rohe

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was born in Aachen. After his training as an architect, he worked as a draftsman of stucco ornaments at an Aachen architect office. In 1905 he went to Berlin, where he worked with Bruno Paul. In 1907 he designed his first building. From 1908 to 1911 he was a member of Peter Behrens.

In 1919 he joined the revolutionary November Group and led the architecture section. In 1926, he became vice president of "Deutscher Werkbund" and he was responsible for the WeiĂźenhofsiedlung in Stuttgart in 1927. In 1929 he designed the German Pavilion for the International Exhibition of Barcelona and 1929/30 the Tugendhat House* in Brno. In 1931 he participated in the Berlin Building Exhibition and signed a contract with Thonet Mundus, which he transferred to the exclusive rights to market 15 of his chair designs.

In 1930, he was (last) director of the Bauhaus. In 1938 he emigrated to the United States and became a professor at the Armour Institute (now Illinois in Institute of Technology) in Chicago.
Barcelona SesselBarcelona HockerBarcelona  TischStuhl Brno Brno Stuhl roundBarcelona Daybed

Philippe Starck

Philippe Starck

Philippe Starck is a legend. An extraordinary mix of a popstar, crazy inventor and romantic philosopher. His work is everywhere: from the chic New York hotels to the catalog, from the private rooms of a French President to the biggest waste removal center, hundreds of thousands of chairs and lamps in bars and apartments all over the world to toward the toothbrush in the bathroom.

Taken together, a pulsating magma of signs and symbols, a plastic menagerie, which collide object and meaning.

Stuhl Costes Sessel King Costes


• Charles Eames
• Charles R. Mackintosh
• Designer Möbel Classic
• Eileen Gray
• Gerrit Rietveld
• Harry Bertoia
• Josef Hoffmann
• Le Corbusier
• Marcel Breuer
• Mart Stam
• Mies van der Rohe
• Philippe Starck